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Excellent way format a hard drive

There are several reasons why you want to format the hard drive. You may be looking to get rid of a virus. Maybe you need to start from scratch. Or are you just going to sell your computer and you do not want anyone to have your personal information available?

Hard drives, in fact, are the tools where all data stored in your PC is stored through a magnetic process, i.e., programs, files, configuration and all changes that occur.

In this article, we will tell you how to eliminate all this information. The steps to follow will depend on many factors, of which you have the number of disks or if you have another computer or not.

In this sense, you should know that you will not be able to format the computer’s hard drive that is working on the computer at that moment. To do this, you have to reset the device to the installation disc, USB memory or other disk.


Format a hard drive: basic issues

What does it mean to format a hard drive?

Formatting is the process of removing all the data from a hard disk, something that is different from the concept of “fast formatting”, which refers to the process of seeing the disk empty when still intact.

If you want to create a new hard drive – a quick format – one that has not been damaged or damaged – or if you want to restore Windows. Instead, you should not do this if you are going to get rid of the disc or giving it to someone else.

It is very important that, before proceeding, make sure you backup the photos, videos, music and documents stored on your hard drive, which you want to keep. Deleted files can sometimes be recovered, but it is better not to risk.

What are the partitions of a hard disk?

Before starting, it is also important to understand what are the hard disk divisions. They are small blocks in which an HDD unit is divided and also known as logical storage units.

It is possible to format only one of these partitions without affecting others. This can be useful, but this means that if you want to format the entire hard drive and use it as a single device, then you should make sure that you format all the partitions.

Can you format a hard drive from the BIOS?

There are many people who are interested in formatting hard drives from basic input-output systems or BIOSs, that is, standard which defines the interface of the program that controls all the electronic circuits of your computer.

Unfortunately, this is not possible, since Windows since the hard drive, but you will need to create another CD, DVD or USB memory recovery and use external formatting tools like DBAN at the same time.

Can a hard disk be formatted quickly?

It is possible to format hard drives quickly, but this method is not what you should follow if your intention is to permanently delete information from HDD. A quick format will only end the path to access this data.

Method 1. Format a hard drive with the DBAN software

As we mentioned earlier, the formatting tools we can use to format a hard drive are known as DBAN or Dariq boots and Nuke, a completely free program that lets you Will erase all your data forever.

Therefore, by using this software, you can remove your hard drive, which will allow you to install a new operating system on it. Keep in mind that it also means that all previous information will be removed and unrecoverable and this process can not be undone.

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In principle, DBAN is intended to create only a bootable CD / DVD-R, but if you do not have a free or a recorder, then there is an alternative method that will help you with the help of another external program Will do

This is a universal USB installer, which lets you convert DBAN’s ISO image to a USB stick. Just insert this USB, open the program and follow the instructions that appear on the screen.

Specifically, you will be asked to select from the list that you want to install Linux distributions on your USB, in this case, the latest version of DBAN. You should also choose a location on your computer and the USB you want to use. Finally hit ‘Create‘.

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To boot from this USB and not from the device that you normally do – in most cases, the hard drive -, you have to make some changes in the BIOS configuration.

To access the BIOS, you have to turn on the computer and wait for the first image to appear on the screen. Again, hit the account -according of ‘Delete‘, ‘F1‘, ‘F2‘, ‘F5‘ or ‘F12‘ repeatedly from the computer. This key will appear in the start or POST self-test.

When the BIOS has already been opened, use the arrow keys to navigate through the interface. To configure the main boot disk and select the USB option, locate the ‘First Boot Device’ menu.

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Once you have saved the changes, you can exit the BIOS, insert the boot USB into question and reset your computer. When turned on, the DBAN program should open automatically.

Again, it would be enough that you follow the instructions again which will appear on the screen so that the hard disk can be removed. To avoid deleting USB data, be sure to disconnect it before the formatting process begins.

Method 2. Format a redundant group of independent disks or RAID

There are so-called nonsensical groups of independent disks or raid, data storage systems that use multiple units, whether hard drives or SSDs, which allow greater capacity, integrity and fault tolerance.

If you are one of those people who have two or more disks configured as a RAID, then you should know that there are several ways to format these disks. In any case, yes, you have to make sure that you have data saved in any other device.

  • Use the software that came with your motherboard or your RAID controller
  • Go to your RAID Controller’s BIOS and find the option that allows you to format disks or disks to disk or reconfigure RAID as a personal disk, keeping in mind that it is all about them Will finish
  • Disconnect the disc that you want to format, connect it to any other serial ATA of your motherboard, but it is not part of the RAID controller, and follow the instructions that we can use by using the tool ‘Disk Management‘ Giving it in the next part..

Method 3. Format a hard disk quickly with Windows

As we have already advanced, there is a possibility to format a disk quickly. In this section we will review two main ways of doing this, either directly from the device menu or using ‘Disk Management‘.

How to make a quick format from ‘This team’

The fastest way to format the hard drive is going to ‘this computer‘. You can access this folder with the Search Tool that you will find next to the Windows Start button. You can also have a shortcut on your desk.

Next, select the hard drive you want to format and right click on it. From the drop-down menu that appears, select the option ‘Format.

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When you open a new floating window, and before you start ‘Start‘, review the values ​​that will automatically appear and refer to the file system and the size of the allocation unit.

In general terms, you can leave this configuration as it appears, although you should make sure that NTFS is selected as a file system and that the default assignment unit comes out. You will have disk formatted in less than a minute.

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On the other hand, and as we are missing in the entire article, for obvious reasons, you can not format a disc that contains the Windows operating system of the computer you are using at that time. If you try, you will receive this message:


How to do a quick format with ‘Disk management’

You can also format a hard drive using the Windows ‘Disk Management’ tool. To access it, searching for ‘diskmgmt.msc’ or ‘Disk Management’ with Toolbar’s magnifying glass will be sufficient.

From the list of results, select one of the ‘Build Hard Disk and Format Partition‘. You can also access this manager from

Control Panel‘, then ‘System and Security‘ and ‘Administrative Tools’.

It is true that ‘Disk Management’ is not as powerful as the external device designed for the management of hard drive, but it is capable of formatting data and in this case it is more than sufficient.

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The first thing you have to do is make sure that the hard drive you want to format appears in this administrator. If it is not, you should connect it to your computer, launch the manager and wait for it to ask if you want to initialize it. Hit ‘ OK ‘.

If your disk has a capacity greater than 2 TB, you must choose the type of partition GPT (GUID Partition Table), which will allow you to create more than four partitions. If you have a lower capacity, you must choose MBR (Master Boot Record).

Next, right click on the unallocated space of the disk and select the option ‘ New simple volume ‘ and select the size of the partition in MB, as well as the letter that will name this new disk.

Now you can format the disk by right clicking on the disk in question and selecting the option ‘ Format ‘. You can format only one partition or the entire hard disk


On the other hand, you can also use the ‘Disk Management‘ tool to change the size of the partition. Simply click one of the words and choose one of these two options: ‘Increase Volume‘ or ‘Reduce Volume‘.

Method 4. Restore Windows 8 or 10 to factory defaults

You have not completed the idea of ​​formatting your hard drive and losing all the stored data, but you still want to restore your computer to fix some technical errors.

Fortunately, it is possible to use one of the two options that we present below, depending on whether you want to keep all your files or not. 

How to restore Windows keeping the files

If you want to keep all your files, you should choose this option. Keep in mind that the settings and all the programs that you have installed on your computer will be erased, except for those that come by default with Windows.

. Open the ‘ Windows Configuration ‘ panel and choose the option ‘ Update and security ‘.


. Now, select ‘ Recovery ‘ from the menu on the right and click on the ‘ Start ‘ button that you will see below the ‘ Restore this PC ‘ section.

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. Finally, choose the ‘ Keep my files ‘ option from the new floating window so that the settings and applications are removed, but personal files are retained.

How to reset Windows without saving the files

On the contrary, if you want to start from scratch and delete all files, programs and settings, you must choose this second option. In this case you should make sure that you have created a backup copy of all your documents.

. Open the ‘ Windows Configuration ‘ panel and choose the option ‘ Update and security ‘.


. Open the ‘ Windows Configuration ‘ panel and choose the option ‘ Update and security ‘.

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. Finally, choose the ‘ Remove all ‘ option from the new floating window to remove personal files, applications and settings.

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